Are you a newbie? Then this series of articles is definitely something you have to be bookmarking. You can read it as many times you want until you are very clear about the concepts. At the end of this series of articles, you will have a clear understanding of how websites and hosting function as a whole.
So, if you are all set, let’s start.
In part I of this series, the topics covered are:
#1.Understanding web hosting
#2. Different kinds of web hosting
#3.An Insight into domain name
#4.The difference between Web hosting and domain name
#5.How can you register a domain name?
Lesson #1: Understanding Web Hosting
Web hosting is that place where the internet users store their respective sites. Now to make it clearer, just think of it as a room where you place all the main things; however, instead of placing your personal belongings in the cupboard, you are storing the website files like some pictures, html, video and so on the web host.
Most of the times, this term, which is called web hosting, relates to the firm that rents the computers to store your site and offers net connection so that the other systems will be able to access the files on the site.
Are Web Hosting and Data Center the Same?
Generally, whenever we discuss about web hosting, the term often refers to the server, which hosts the site or it is that hosting firm, which rents the server space to the customers. On the other hand, data center is that facility, which is used to house all the servers.
Lesson #2: Different Kinds of Web Hosting
Usually, there are 4 kinds of web hosting and they are Shared Hosting, Dedicated Hosting, VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting and Cloud Hosting. Although all of the above mentioned types will act as a storage place for your site, they actually are quite different when it comes to the capacity of storage, control, speed of the server and reliability. Let us learn a little more about the various types.
Shared Hosting: In shared hosting, a person’s site is stored on the same sever where many other sites are stored and the number of sites can be a few hundreds. Generally, all of the domains will share a common server resource like Random Access Memory and also Central Processing Unit. Since the cost is less, a lot of sites with medium levels of traffic, which operate certain standardized software, are hosted in these servers. This type of hosting is hugely embraced as the starting level option for hosting as it needs a very minimum level of technical knowhow.
Virtual Private Server Hosting: VPS hosting actually divides one server into many virtual servers, wherein each of the sites is hosted on their dedicated servers; however, they are actually sharing the server with other users. In this case, the users will have the root access to their virtual area and will also get a more secure hosting with this type. Sites, which want a bigger control at server level, can opt for this type as it is relatively less expensive.
Dedicated Hosting: In this, you will get maximum control of the server your site is placed on. You can have an entire server all for yourself and your site will be the only one on this server if you opt for dedicated hosting.
Cloud Hosting: This offers you the ability to handle huge traffic. A group of servers, which is named as cloud, works in a group to host a set of sites. This lets a lot of computers to work and handle huge traffic levels.
Lesson #3: An Insight into Domain Name
A domain is actually the name of the site. Before you can own a site, you first need a domain name. A classic example is Yahoo.com, which is a domain name, so you are now clear as to what a domain name is. In order to get a domain name, you will have to first register the domain.
Now if your question is where to register a domain name, some of the sites where you can do it are GoDaddy, Domain.com and NameCheap. You can go to Google and search for it – you can find many more sites.
Lesson #4: The Difference between Web Hosting and Domain Name
This is a common question that most of the beginners have; they are mostly not sure about the difference between web hosting and domain name. But, it is essential to have a proper knowledge about the differences between the two of these before you proceed further. Here is a quick explanation. A domain name is basically an address for your home and web hosting is actually the space where your site can be hosted.
Lesson #5: How Can You Register a Domain Name?
This is not as difficult as you think. First of all, you need to come up with a nice name you want as your site’s name. The domain has to be unique, so think some good names and perform a search on the registar like Godaddy just to ensure that the name is not taken by others. In case the domain name you chose is not taken, you can place an order immediately. You will then have to pay the fees for registration, which will cost you anywhere between $8 and $40. Once this is done and the payment is made, you are done with the domain registration process.
The next step is to point the newly bought domain name to web hosting
Having a domain registered is like owning a small space in the big internet world just like it is in the real estate market, where a person has to register a land under his or her name and pay the market value for it. It is the same here. During the signing up process, it is essential to get the information from the web host as this piece of information will be required when you fill the DNS as well as MX information when you do the registration.
These records will find which web hosting server content is shown when the user goes to the domain. It also determines how the mail is addressed, received or sent by utilizing the hosting package and the related domain name. Improper information will lead to mistakes.
Now that you’ve got a basic understanding, let’s move on to the successive parts of this guide to learn about TLDs, FTP, bandwidth, domain privacy, and hosting services.