home Web Hosting Web Hosting Beginner Guide: Part II

Web Hosting Beginner Guide: Part II

In part I of this web hosting beginner’s guide, we learnt about web hosting, domain names, and domain name registration. The second part of this article aims at enlightening readers about TLD, subdomains, domain privacy, and more. Read on!

Here’s what you will get to learn here:

#6.Understanding TLD, Subdomain and TLDcc

#7.What is domain privacy, FTP and bandwidth?

Lesson #6: Understanding TLD, Subdomain and TLDcc

What Are These Top Level Domains?

Let us now have a look at this example. Google.com, Yahoo.co.uk, WordPress.org – all these sites have a different extension (i.e. .com, .org and .co.uk). This extension is called top level domain. Although most of these TLDs are open for users to register their sites with, they all have certain policies and rules that the user must abide by. For instance, the registration of the country code like .in is restricted for all the citizens of India, and all the activities with these domains are governed by the respective county’s regulations and cyber policies.

Some of the extensions of these TLDs are utilized for describing the characteristics of the site like .edu for education sites, .org for most of the public organizations, .biz for business sites and so on. There are more than 1k TLDs that are open for the public users, which include .website, .club, .xyz and more.

The Domain and Sub-Domain

You can consider mail.yahoo.com as example. Yahoo.com is the domain name and mail.yahoo.com is actually the sub-domain. A domain has to be very different, and there can be only one unique domain name you can use, whereas you can add multiple sub-domains under your main domain.

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Many people may feel that sub-domains are actually a 3rd level domain, which means these are just a form of sub-folders under the main domain directory. It is generally used for organizing the site content in other categories. But, this is definitely not true for many, which also includes the popular search engines. It is a fact that a search engine like Google will be seeing sub-domains as a different entity, which is independent from the main domain.

This is to quickly understand what you just learnt.

Website Domain Name Sub-domain TLD ccTLD
Google.com Google       — .com
Mail.Google.com Google  mail .com
News.Google.com Google news .com
Google.co.in Google       —        — Co.in

Lesson #7. What Is Domain Privacy, FTP and Bandwidth? 

WhoIs Data: Each domain name will have a freely accessible record, which will contain the personal information of the owner like the name of the owner, telephone number, maid ID, domain registration and also the date of expiry. This is known as the WhoIS record. As expected by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, all the owners with a domain have to make their contact information available on the directories (WHOIS). These records will be made available all the time to everyone.

To make it simpler, in case anyone wants to find out who owns a particular site, all they have to do is just run the WhoIs search and enter the name of the domain. That’s about it! They will have access to the site registration details.

Domain Privacy: This term actually comes as a replacement for the WhoIs information with the details of a sort of forwarding service, which is done by the proxy server. As a result, all the personal information like the address, mail ID, contact number and so on is hid from the public. This is really very essential as your domain record can also be made use of in ways, which are not very legitimate.

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As anybody can access WhoIs information, hackers or other stalkers can access all your private information. There are a lot of companies that are very unethical; their main job is to find the domain expiry date and then send out an official or professional-looking mail for renewal with the attempt of getting the domain owners to transfer or move the domains to these companies. You will have to be very careful when you come across such people. This is the flipside of this industry. There are a lot of people out there who go out all the way to cheat and scam people. You will have to watch out or stay away from this bunch of people. Do not reveal any personal information to anyone unless you know them really well.

Hosting Bandwidth: Bandwidth is basically a measure of the maximum amount of data, which can be transferred by the hosting account at a given point of time; this is generally tracked in seconds. Bandwidth must not be confused with the transfer of data as there are 2 different things. Data transfer is actually the consumption of the total bandwidth. In other words, the total amount of data that is transferred is called data transfer and the rate at which it is done is bandwidth.

Bandwidth as well as data transfer limit used to be a great thing while picking a nice web host in the beginning; however, it is not the case currently. When the average cost of the data transfer becomes lesser, the hosting firms are now being kind enough with regard to the data transfer limit. Therefore, if you are not downloading files that are huge in size, then you are good to go and you will not have bandwidth issues.

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FTP: This is actually the network protocol, which is used to transfer files from one system to another via the net. The webmaster utilizes FTP clients like FTP Pro for uploading as well as downloading large quantity of files from the hosting servers. Some of the well-known FTP clients are Core FTP, Smart FTP and Cute FTP.

Well, you would now have a clear idea about web hosting related terms. Get to learn more about hosting services in the third part of this web hosting beginner’s guide.

Om Thoke

Om Thoke is a seasoned entrepreneur, a tech geek, and an automotive freak, who loves to share his knowledge and experiences in technology segment with the fraternity. He has over a decade of experience in copywriting and blogging, and he's extremely passionate about exploring latest tech discoveries.

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